Departamenti Alergologjisë



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The Department of Allergology at HYGEIA offers specialized services for the whole spectrum of allergic diseases, including:

Food allergy

Food allergies are estimated to affect 4 to 6 percent of children and 4 percent of adults. Food allergy symptoms are most common in babies and children, but they can appear at any age. You can even develop an allergy to foods you have eaten for years with no problems. A food allergy reaction occurs when your immune system overreacts to a food or a substance in a food, identifying it as a danger and triggering a protective response. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may involve the skin, the gastrointestinal tract, the cardiovascular system and the respiratory tract. 


Allergic rhinitis

If you sneeze a lot, if your nose is often runny or stuffy, or if your eyes, mouth or skin often feels itchy, you may have allergic rhinitis.                                                                                         

Allergic rhinitis takes two different forms:

  • Seasonal: Symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis can occur in spring, summer and early fall. They are usually caused by allergic sensitivity to airborne mold spores or to pollens from grass, trees and weeds.
  • Perennial: People with perennial allergic rhinitis experience symptoms year-round. It is generally caused by dust mites, pet hair or dander, cockroaches or mold.


Allergic asthma

If you frequently experience shortness of breath or you hear a whistling or wheezy sound in your chest when you breathe, you may have asthma — a chronic condition that causes inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes, the passageways that allow air to enter and leave the lungs. If people with asthma are exposed to a substance to which they are sensitive or a situation that changes their regular breathing patterns, the symptoms can become more severe.


Eye allergy

Also called allergic conjunctivitis, eye allergy occurs when something you are allergic to irritates the conjunctiva. The symptoms can occur alone but usually accompany the sneezing, sniffling or stuffy nose found with nasal allergies.                                                                                                                                                   Eye allergy symptoms include: clear, watery discharge, itchiness, redness, sensitivity to light and eyelid swelling.

Eye allergy triggers:

  • Outdoor allergens, such as pollens from grass, trees and weeds
  • Indoor allergens, such as pet dander, dust mites and mold


Atopic dermatitis (eczema)

Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema, affecting between 10 and 20 percent of children and 1 to 3 percent of adults. If you have atopic dermatitis, your skin may become dry, red, irritated and itchy. Sometimes, especially when infected, your skin may have small, fluid-filled bumps that ooze a clear or yellowish liquid. People with atopic dermatitis often have a family history of allergies. Some people with eczema have a food sensitivity which can make eczema symptoms worse.



Hives (urticaria) are red bumps or welts that appear on the body. There are two kinds of urticaria, acute and chronic. The condition is called acute urticaria if it lasts for no more than six weeks, and chronic urticaria if it persists beyond six weeks. Acute urticaria is most commonly caused by an infection or by exposure to an allergen. Chronic urticaria can last for many months or year. The cause of chronic urticaria is largely unknown.


Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a reaction that appears when the skin comes in contact with an irritant or an allergen. Symptoms include a rash, blisters, itching and burning. Allergic contact dermatitis results from exposure to a substance to which you’re allergic, such as a fragrance, metals (including nickel, a component of stainless steel), adhesives, nail polish, topical medications, plants and rubber gloves.

Skin irritants, such as water, soap, detergent, fabric softeners and shampoos, are the most common cause of irritant contact dermatitis.


Drug allergy

Adverse reactions to medications are common, yet everyone responds differently. Only 5% to 10% of these reactions are due to an allergy to the medication. If you develop a rash, hives or difficulty breathing after taking certain medications, you may have a drug allergy. As with other allergic reactions, these symptoms can occur when your body’s immune system becomes sensitized to a substance in the medication, perceives it as a foreign invader and releases chemicals to defend against it.

Drug allergy symptoms

  • Skin rash or hives
  • Itching
  • Wheezing or other breathing problems
  • Swelling
  • Anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening reaction that can simultaneously affect two or more organ systems (for example, when there is both a rash and difficulty breathing)


The Department of Allergology provides a holistic programme of therapeutic management of patients with allergic diseases on an outpatient, day case and inpatient basis, as necessary.  It also provides a specialist consultation service to other specialties in the hospital.

Stafi i Mjekeve


Hygeia Group

SPITALI HYGEIA TIRANЁ, pjesë e Grupit Hygeia Greqi, i cili prej 40 vitesh tashmë, vazhdon tё jetё lider nё tregun e sektorit shëndetësor dhe ka si objektiv kryesor të jetë ofruesi më i madh i shërbimeve mjekësore të integruara në gjithë Europën Juglindore.

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